The History of Marijuana page 2
|1937||Marijuana tax introduced into the US – pay a dollar and you could legally grow and sell marijuana. Proof of paying the tax was a stamp; however, the Treasury did not issue any stamps.|
|1937||First marijuana conviction; Samuel R Caldwell was convicted of selling the marijuana when not in possession of the tax stamp.|
|1944||New York Mayor, Fiorello La Guardia, called for abolition of the tax stamp.|
|1950||Harry J Anslinger claims that marijuana is a gateway drug to heroin.|
|1951||Passing of the Boggs Act results in ruthless sentences for drug offenses because drugs were, apparently, a tool of Communist China.|
|1956||Narcotic Control Act classifies marijuana as dangerous as heroin and penalties increase even further|
|1961||Anslinger went to the United Nations and was successful in convincing more than 100 other countries to consolidate their drug laws with those of America, thereby creating a single convention. Thus marijuana became globally illegal|
|1972||It is estimated that 24 million Americans had used marijuana|
|1972||Don Crowe – Vietnam War veteran was sentenced to 50 years for selling 1 ounce marijuana. His customer was an undercover police officer and this was Crowe’s first offense.|
|1972||The National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse released a report that showed marijuana use did not lead to crime. The researchers also reported that police were selective in the people they targeted, going for people with a certain ‘look.’ President Nixon, who had commissioned report, decided to ignore the findings (he reportedly never read the report) and continued with his anti-marijuana crusade.|
|1972||The Drug Enforcement Agency is created, pulling all the American drug resources into one agency. The DEA had the authority to enter homes without knocking.|
|1980s||President Reagan is in power and there is a reported one arrest every 38 seconds for the violation of marijuana laws|
|1980s||Judge Francis law recommends the reclassification of marijuana as a prescription drug. No action was taken.|
|1998||Medical Marijuana becomes legal in Washington|
|California passes Proposition 215, allowing the use of medical marijuana
Use of medical marijuana becomes legal in Alaska
|1999||Use of medical marijuana legalized in Maine|
|1999||Medical marijuana becomes legal in Oregon|
|2000||Hawaii legalizes medical marijuana|
|2001||Medical Marijuana becomes legal in Nevada|
|2003||Medical marijuana becomes legal in Canada|
|2003||Maryland approves the use of medical marijuana. This law requires the court to consider a defendant’s use of medical marijuana to be a mitigating factor in marijuana-related state prosecution. If the patient, post-arrest, successfully makes the case at trial that his or her use of marijuana is one of medical necessity, then the maximum penalty allowed by law would be a $100 fine.|
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